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Handbook of Water Use
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Table of Contents
 • About the author, Amy Vickers
 • About WaterPlow Press
 • Download the book brochure

The Handbook of Water Use and Conservation
Table of Contents


Chapter 1: Planning a Successful
Water Conservation Program

Water Conservation Planning Approaches
Ten Key Steps to a
   Successful Conservation Program
Federal Conservation Planning
   Guidelines for Water Utilities
Integrated Resource Planning for Water
What Constitutes a Conservation Measure?

Chapter 2:
Residential and Domestic Water Use and Efficiency Measures

Residential Water Use
Sources of Residential Water Waste
Advances in Indoor Residential Water-Use Efficiency
Benefits and Costs of Residential and Domestic Water Conservation
Basic Steps in a Residential Water Audit
Indoor Residential and Domestic Water-Efficiency Measures
2.1     Toilets
2.2     Urinals
2.3     Showerheads
2.4     Faucets
2.5     Clothes Washers
2.6     Dishwashers

Chapter 3: Landscape Water Use and Efficiency Measures

Landscape Water Use
Sources of Landscape Water Waste
Advances in Landscape Water-Use Efficiency
Benefits and Costs of Landscape Water Conservation
Basic Steps in a Landscape Water Audit
Landscape Water-Efficiency Measures
3.1     Water-Wise Landscape Planning and Design
3.2     Native and Low-Water-Use Turf and Plants
3.3     Practical Turf Areas
3.4     Landscape Irrigation Systems and Devices
3.5     Landscape Irrigation Scheduling
3.6     Soil Improvements
3.7     Mulches
3.8     Maintentance of Water-Efficient Landscapes
3.9     Water Decorations and Fountains

Chapter 4:
Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Water Use and
Efficiency Measures

ICI Water Use
Sources of ICI Water Waste
Advances in ICI Water-Use Efficiency
Benefits and Costs of ICI Water Conservation
Basic Steps in an ICI Water Audit
ICI Water-Efficiency Measures
4.1     Metering and Submetering
4.2     Cleaning and Sanitation
4.3     Process Water Uses
4.4     Commercial Kitchens and Restaurants
4.5     Laundries and Laundromats
4.6     Swimming Pools and Zoos
4.7     Cooling Systems
4.8     Heating Systems
4.9     Leaks and Water Losses
4.10   Maintenance Practices for ICI Water Efficiency

Chapter 5: Agricultural Water Use and Efficiency Measures

Agricultural Irrigation Water Use
Sources of Agricultural Water Waste
Advances in Agricultural Water-Use Efficiency
Benefits and Costs of Agricultural Water Conservation
Basic Steps in an Agricultural Water Audit
Agricultural Water-Efficiency Measures
5.1     Measurement of On-Farm Water Use
5.2     Soil Moisture Monitoring
5.3     Agricultural Irrigation Scheduling
5.4     Laser Leveling
5.5     Furrow Diking
5.6     Low Energy Precision Application (LEPA)
5.7     Surge Valves
5.8     Drip Irrigation
5.9     Tailwater Reuse
5.10   Conservation Tillage
5.11   Canal and Conveyance System Lining and Management

Chapter 6: The Water Conservation Network

6.1     Organizations
6.2     Government Agencies and Programs
6.3     International Organizations and Agencies
6.4     Publications
6.5     Directories for Water-Efficient Products


  1. Contents of a Comprehensive Water Conservation Plan, According to the U.S. EPA's Water Conservation Plan Guidelines
  2. Basic Elements of a Water Integrated Resource Plan
  3. Best Management Practices (BMPs) for Urban Water Conservation in California
  4. Water and Sewer Rates, Costs, and Savings by Volume of Use
  5. Sample Worksheet: Residential (Indoor) Water Audit
  6. Sample Worksheet: Landscape and Irrigation Water Audit
  7. Sample Worksheet: Industrial/Commercial/Institutional Water Audit
  8. Efficient Water Management Practices (EWMPs) for Agricultural Water Suppliers in California

Conversion Factors

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About the author

Amy Vickers is an engineer with an independent consulting practice that specializes in water conservation and integrated resources management. President of Amy Vickers & Associates, Inc., based in Amherst, Massachusetts, for more than a decade, Vickers has worked with water utilities, private companies, government agencies, and other organizations throughout the United States, Canada, and overseas. She is also a frequent speaker at national and international conferences related to innovative water and environmental technologies, policies, and programs.

Ms. Vickers is curently working on her second book, due to be published in 2015.

In addition to publishing numerous professional papers and articles on water conservation measures, trends, and policy, Vickers was author of the federal water efficiency standards for plumbing fixtures adopted by the U.S. Energy Policy Act of 1992. Prior to that, in 1988 she wrote an amendment to the Massachusetts Plumbing Code requiring 1.6 gallon per flush toilets, an initiative that 16 other states followed. Vickers has also contributed to the development of several educational and commercial software programs, including the “Greening of the White House CD” and the “Green Home CD”

Before starting her own consulting practice, based in Amherst, MA, Vickers worked in Boston with the engineering firm of Brown and Caldwell Consultants and the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority’s Capital Engineering Department. Prior to her move to Boston, she served as director of the New York City Council’s Environmental Protection Committee, where she directed a wide range of city legislative and budgetary matters pertaining to the environment, including water supply and water quality, watershed protection, hazardous materials management, solid waste, recycling, and air pollution. During her tenure with the city council, Vickers directed the drafting of several bills on hazardous materials emergency management and asbestos removal that were passed into law.

Vickers holds an M.S. in engineering from Dartmouth College and a B.A. in philosophy from New York University. A member of the American Water Works Association (AWWA) and its Water Conservation Division, she also serves on the association’s Water Accountability Committee. For six years she served as an appointed member of the Editorial Advisory Board of Journal AWWA. In addition to her work in the water field, Vickers is a member of the National Writers Union and a lifetime member of the International Dark Sky Association, an organization dedicated to preservation of the natural dark sky.

To contact the author via email, click here.

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About WaterPlow Press

WaterPlow Press is an independent publisher of professional and technical books. Started in 2000, WaterPlow Press is based in Amherst, Massachusetts.

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Download the book brochure
or order form

To download a PDF file of the book brochure using Adobe Acrobat, click here. The book brochure contains book information, sample page layouts, and the order form. This file is about one megabyte and may take a few minutes to download depending on connection speeds. You can also download a PDF showing only sample pages by clicking here. To get Adobe Acrobat reader, click here.

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